RPS: Relative Positioning System

For reliable operation, next generation autonomous agents will need enhanced situational perception as well as precise navigation capabilities. The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals that are utilized by practically all modern positioning systems cannot satisfy this requirement for heighten autonomy levels and positioning is becoming a decisive factor for their proliferation. This work investigates how relative positioning can be achieved using signals that are already accessible in the environment, and derives an online procedure for the exploitation of these signals for localization in GNSS-challenged areas. The proposed relative positioning system (RPS) explores the signal properties over a large spectrum of frequency bands, and derives a vehicle tracking algorithm to accurately estimate the vehicle’s trajectory in space and time using an arbitrary set of unknown reference positions. Experimental results demonstrate the applicability of RPS and investigate its performance over the different parameter values.